Covering the time span 1837 to 1900.
Important authors of fiction:
John Ruskin, Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, Benjamin Disreali, William Makepiece Thackeray
Useful reference books:
The Victorians by Jeremy Paxman. Also the subject of a BBC TV series.
The Victorian Railway by Jack Simmons 1991. An excellent book full of social history, the growth of communications as well as the impact of the railways.